How to Complete a Notarial Certificate: Step-by-Step Instructions for California Notaries

In the realm of notarial acts, the notarial certificate serves as the official documentation that confirms the identity of the signer, the act performed, and compliance with state regulations. For notaries in California, understanding and accurately completing notarial certificates is a crucial part of their duties. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to complete a notarial certificate, ensuring that all requirements are met and the document is legally binding.

Understanding Notarial Certificates

A notarial certificate is a written statement that a notary public completes, signs, and seals to authenticate the execution of a document. It serves as a record of the notarial act and includes specific details about the notarization process. The main types of notarial certificates in California include the Acknowledgement and the Jurat.

Types of Notarial Certificates:

  • Acknowledgement: This certificate verifies that the signer personally appeared before the notary, was identified by the notary, and acknowledged signing the document willingly.
  • Jurat: This certificate affirms that the signer personally appeared before the notary, was identified by the notary, and signed the document in the notary’s presence, often under oath or affirmation.

Importance of Accuracy:

Accuracy in completing notarial certificates is vital, as errors can render the notarization invalid and lead to legal complications. Each certificate must adhere to California state-specific language and requirements. Mistakes such as incorrect dates, misspelled names, or improper wording can compromise the document’s validity.

Legal Compliance:

California has specific requirements for the language and format of notarial certificates. The notary must ensure that the certificate includes all mandated elements to be legally compliant. Using the correct notarial language and format protects the integrity of the notarization and helps avoid legal issues.

Pre-Notarization Steps

Before completing a notarial certificate, a notary must follow several essential steps to ensure the process’s integrity:

  1. Verifying the Identity of the Signer: The notary must verify the signer’s identity using satisfactory evidence, such as a government-issued photo ID. This step ensures that the person signing the document is who they claim to be. Accepted forms of identification in California include a driver’s license, passport, or other state-approved ID cards.
  2. Ensuring Document Readiness: The document to be notarized must be complete and free of blank spaces that could be filled in after notarization. The notary should review the document to ensure it is ready for signing. Incomplete documents can lead to potential fraud or alterations after notarization.
  3. Assessing the Signer’s Willingness and Awareness: The notary must confirm that the signer is willingly signing the document and is aware of its contents. The signer should be mentally capable of understanding the document’s significance. The notary should ask the signer if they understand the document and are signing it of their own free will.

These steps are crucial to prevent fraud and ensure the notary’s actions are legally sound. The notary’s role is to act as an impartial witness and verify the authenticity of the signatures and the document.

Filling Out the Notarial Certificate

Completing a notarial certificate involves several specific steps:

  1. Enter the Venue: The notary should start by entering the venue, which includes the state and county where the notarization takes place. This information is typically at the top of the certificate and is crucial for legal jurisdiction.
  2. Date of Notarization: The notary should then enter the date of the notarization. This is the actual date the notarial act occurs, and it must be accurately recorded to reflect the day the notarization was performed.
  3. Signer’s Name: The name of the signer must be clearly printed exactly as it appears on their identification and in the document. Any discrepancies between the document and ID could lead to questions about the notarization’s validity.
  4. Notary’s Signature and Seal: The notary must sign the certificate and affix their official seal. The seal must be clear and legible, containing the notary’s name, commission number, and expiration date. The signature and seal are the notary’s official mark of validation.
  5. Notary’s Commission Information: This section includes the notary’s commission number and expiration date, often included in the seal. This information verifies the notary’s current authority to perform notarial acts.

Common Mistakes to Avoid:

  • Misspelling the signer’s name.
  • Incorrect dates.
  • Incomplete venue information.
  • Illegible notary seal.

Below is an example of a correctly filled-out acknowledgement certificate:

State of California
County of [County Name]

On [Date], before me, [Notary's Name], Notary Public, personally appeared [Signer's Name], who proved to me on the basis of satisfactory evidence to be the person(s) whose name(s) is/are subscribed to the within instrument and acknowledged to me that he/she/they executed the same in his/her/their authorized capacity(ies), and that by his/her/their signature(s) on the instrument the person(s), or the entity upon behalf of which the person(s) acted, executed the instrument.

I certify under PENALTY OF PERJURY under the laws of the State of California that the foregoing paragraph is true and correct.

WITNESS my hand and official seal.

[Notary's Signature]
[Notary's Seal]

Using the Correct Notarial Language

The language used in a notarial certificate must conform to the standards set by California law. This includes specific wording for acknowledgements and jurats, which ensure the act is legally binding.

  • Acknowledgement Wording: The standard language includes the statement that the signer “personally appeared,” was identified by the notary, and acknowledged signing the document willingly.
  • Jurat Wording: The standard language includes the statement that the signer “personally appeared,” was identified by the notary, signed the document in the notary’s presence, and took an oath or affirmation regarding the truthfulness of the document.

It is crucial to use the exact wording prescribed by the state to avoid any issues with the notarization’s validity. If the document lacks pre-printed notarial wording, the notary must use a loose certificate with the correct language. Here is an example of a standard jurat wording:

State of California
County of [County Name]

Subscribed and sworn to (or affirmed) before me on this [Date] by [Signer's Name], proved to me on the basis of satisfactory evidence to be the person(s) who appeared before me.

[Notary's Signature]
[Notary's Seal]

Using precise language helps maintain the integrity of the notarization and ensures compliance with California regulations.

Attaching the Notarial Certificate

When the document does not have a pre-printed notarial certificate, the notary must attach a loose certificate. Here’s how to do it properly:

  1. Secure Attachment: The certificate must be securely attached to the document to ensure it stays with the document. The notary can use staples to attach the certificate, ensuring it does not get separated.
  2. Clear Identification: The notarial certificate should clearly identify the document it is associated with, typically by including the title or a brief description. This helps in case the certificate and the document are ever separated.
  3. Loose Certificates: If using a loose certificate, ensure it complies with state laws and includes all necessary information. Loose certificates are often used when the document lacks the proper notarial wording or space for the notary’s information.

Using loose certificates allows flexibility in notarizing various documents, especially those that may not have been initially designed with notarization in mind.

Final Steps and Record-Keeping

After completing the notarial certificate, the notary should:

  1. Review for Accuracy: Double-check the certificate for any errors or omissions to ensure it is complete and accurate. This final review helps prevent mistakes that could invalidate the notarization.
  2. Record in Notary Journal: Enter the details of the notarization in the notary journal, including the date, type of act, document description, and signer’s information. The journal serves as an official record and may be required for future reference or legal proceedings.

Maintaining accurate records is essential for legal compliance and can protect the notary in case of any disputes or questions about the notarization. The notary journal is a critical tool for tracking all notarial acts and ensuring transparency.

Common Issues and Solutions

Notaries often encounter issues when completing notarial certificates. Here are some common problems and their solutions:

  1. Incorrect Information: Always double-check the signer’s name, date, and venue information to avoid mistakes. Verification of details before finalizing the certificate helps prevent errors.
  2. Missing Notarial Wording: Use a loose certificate with the correct language if the document lacks pre-printed notarial wording. Having pre-printed loose certificates on hand can be very helpful.
  3. Signer’s Name Variations: Ensure the signer’s name on the certificate matches their ID and the document exactly. Any discrepancies should be addressed before completing the notarization.

For further assistance, notaries can refer to the California Secretary of State’s website, professional notary organizations, or legal counsel for specific questions and issues. Continuous education and staying updated with state regulations are key to maintaining the highest standards of notarial practice.


Completing a notarial certificate accurately is a critical responsibility for California notaries. By following the steps outlined in this guide, notaries can ensure they meet all legal requirements and provide reliable notarial services. Continuous education and staying updated with state regulations are key to maintaining the highest standards of notarial practice. Accurate notarial certificates ensure the integrity of the notarization process and protect all parties involved.

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